Comparing European Democracies
(514) 398-1429 


Major Data Sources for Comparative Research  :

    Europe-wide Surveys:

Now about to launch its sixth round, covering 30 countries, the ESS seeks to explain the interaction between Europe's changing institutions and the attitudes, beliefs and behaviour patterns of its diverse populations.

    Uni-national Surveys

    • National Election Studies
    • General Household Surveys


    Using Eurobarometer Data:

    EuroBarometer 69.2, 2008:

    Codebook  [.pdf]
    SPSS Data-set    and  Values for country variable [Excel file]

    Using the World Value Studies Data:

    World Values Study, Wave 1:

    Purpose: This data collection is designed to enable crossnational comparison of basic values and norms in a wide variety of areas. Broad topics covered are leisure, work, the meaning and purpose of life, family life, and contemporary social issues.
    Time Period 1981-1983
    Universe: The population of 22 countries: Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Norway, South Africa, Soviet Union, Spain, Sweden, United States
    Codebook  [.pdf]
    ASCII  Data-set [data matrix; zipped-file]   and  SPSS syntax file


    World Values Study, Waves 1 and 2:

    Purpose: The series is designed to enable a crossnational comparison of values and norms on a wide variety of topics and to monitor changes in values and attitudes.
    Time Period 1981-1983; 1990-1993
    Universe: Adults 18 and over in the mass publics of 45 societies around the world.


    Codebook  [.pdf]
    ASCII  Data-set [data matrix; zipped-file]   and  SPSS syntax file
    SPSS system-file ([.sav] zipped: .zip)


    World Values Study and European Values Surveys Series:    ["Wave 3"]


    This series began as a set of surveys conducted in ten West European societies by the European Value Systems Study Group (EVSSG). The World Values Survey (WVS) grew out of those surveys and was initiated in 1981 to study the values and attitudes of mass publics across nations of different economic, educational, and cultural backgrounds. The title of the series was changed to "World Values Surveys and European Values Surveys" with the addition of the 1995-1997 data.

    Time Period 1981-1983; 1990-1993;  1995-1997
    Universe: Adults 18 and over in the mass publics of 60 societies representing more than 50 different countries around the world.
    Geographic coverage: Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Germany, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia (Republic), Germany, Ghana, Great Britain, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, Montenegro, Moscow, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Northern Ireland, Norway, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey, Uruguay, Ukraine, United States, Venezuela, West Germany
    Codebook  [.pdf]
    ASCII  Data-set [data matrix; zipped-file]   and  SPSS syntax file
    SPSS system-file ([.sav] zipped: .zip)


    European and World Values Surveys Integrated Data File:     ["Wave 4"]


    This data collection, representing the fourth wave of surveys carried out by the World Values Survey (WVS) and European Values Survey (EVS) groups, covers 60 countries, with high priority given to obtaining coverage of Islamic societies and African societies, which have rarely been included in crossnational survey research. These surveys cover a broader range of variation than has before been available for analyzing the belief systems of mass publics. They provide data from representative national samples of the publics of 81 societies containing 85 percent of the world's population and covering a full range of variation, from societies with per capita incomes below 300 dollars per year, to societies with per capita incomes of more than 35,000 dollars per year, from long-established democracies to authoritarian states, and from societies with market economies to societies that are in the process of emerging from state-run economies. The surveys cover societies that were historically shaped by a wide variety of religious and cultural traditions, from Christian to Islamic to Confucian to Hindu, and from societies whose culture emphasizes social conformity and group obligations to societies in which the main emphasis is on human emancipation and self-expression.

    Time Period 1999-2002 
    Universe: Adults 18 and over in the mass publics of 81 societies representing 60 different countries around the world.
    User Guide and Questionnaires  [.pdf]  CodeBook
    ASCII  Data-set [data matrix; zipped-file]   and  SPSS syntax file
    Stata data-file ([.dta]  




    Prepared by Susan Czarnocki
    October , 2010